Community Practitioners' and Health Visitors' Association

Back to home pageGeneral information about CPHVAMembership information Contact CPHVA staffSearch CPHVA site for general informationHelp on navigating the siteLinks to other useful sitesEnter members' area

Health visiting information
School nursing information District nursing information Practice nursing information Countries-Scotland, Wales and Northern IrelandPublic health information Clinical effectiveness information Courses, grants and reportsCPHVA responses to government and other reportsCPHVA and non-CPHVA eventsPress releases and media relationsCPHVA campaignsSpecial Interest GroupsFrequently asked questionsIndex to site

Research and Clinical Effectiveness - Useful Bibliographic Material
Factsheet 1

  • Abbott P and Sapsford R (1998) Research methods for Nurses and Caring Professionals 2nd Ed Open University Press.

How to read and do research with frequent examples to support the reader’s learning. An excellent introductory text.

  • BMJ Publishing "Clinical Evidence"

This twice yearly book publishes evidence of effectiveness in response to frequently asked clinical questions. Every community nurse should endeavour to see a copy.

  • Chalmers I, Altman D (1995) Systematic Reviews BMJ Publishing Group.
An excellent text which explains the requirements for producing a robust systematic review. Not for the novice researcher but an interesting read if you want a more indepth knowledge of the subject.
Chambers R (1998) Clinical Effectiveness Made Easy – first thoughts on clinical governance Radcliffe Medical Press Oxon
A useful first book on the subject.
  • Community Practitioners’ and Health Visitors Association (1997) Clinical Effectiveness Strategy
This underpins the work of the CPHVA clinical effectiveness department.
  • Community Practitioners and Health Visitors’ Association (1998) Clinical Effectiveness Information Pack
Loose leaf and full of useful information you can also use it to store additional material.
Crabtree, B.F. and Miller, W.L. (eds) (1999) Doing Qualitative Research, 2nd
edition. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California; London, UK.
Part 1: Overview of qualitative research methods
Part 2: Discovery: Data collection strategies - includes chapters on
sampling, participant observation, key informant interviews, depth
interviewing and focus groups.
Part 3: interpretation: Strategies of analysis - interpretation, coding,
data management etc.
Part 4: Special designs: Using narratives, videos, case studies,
participatory inquiry.
Part 5: Putting it all together - researching practice settings, making
Part 6: Summary - standards and perspectives on the future.
I've found this a really useful text, which has a fairly theoretical
perspective, but with accessible information.
  • Crombie IR (1996) The pocket guide to critical appraisal: A handbook for heath care professionals. BMJ Publishing Group
A very useful text for those wishing to develop skills in critical appraisal.

Department of Health (1994) "Clinical Audit: meeting and improving standards in care" London.

Greenhalgh T (1997) How to read a paper: the basis of evidence based medicine. BMJ Publishing Group
Rather medically orientated but a comprehensive guide for those wishing to learn the processes for practising evidence based healthcare.
  • Haines A, Donald A (1998) Getting research findings into practice. BMJ Publishing Group.
  • Covers the difficulties of getting research findings into practice and offers solutions.
  • Hamer S, Collinson G Achieving Evidence-based Practice Bailliere Tindall/RCN 1999
  • A practical guide on how to find and apply evidence and manage change
  • Hudson R, "Demonstrating effectiveness: compiling the evidence" Health Visitor 1997; 70, 12: 459-461
  • Hudson R, "Clinical Effectiveness: a practical approach" (1997) Nursing in General Practice 3, 4-5
Ruth’s very useful papers are the ideal starting point for the community practitioner who wishes to understand how to underpin their practice with robust evidence.
  • Morrell C, Harvey G The Clinical Audit Handbook Bailliere Tindall/RCN 1999
  • A very thorough practical guide to clinical audit
  • NHS Executive (1998) "A First Class Service" Leeds
  • The document underpinning the NHS approach to clinical effectiveness and clinical governance.
  • NHS Executive (1998) "Achieving Effective practice – a Clinical Effectiveness and Research Information pack for Nurses, Midwives and Health Visitors" Leeds (available on the web)
  • Sackett D L, Rosenberg W M, Gray J A, Haynes R B, Richardson W S (1996) "Evidence-based medicine: what is and what it isn’t (editorial)" British Medical Journal 312: 7023, 71-2
  • Sackett DL et al (1997) Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM Churchill Livingstone, London
The ‘medical bible’ of how to practice evidence based medicine is also very useful for community nurses who have some knowledge of the subject. The book is very comprehensive and not at all the heavy read one might presume.
  • Shakespeare, P., Atkinson, D. and French, D. (eds) (1990) Reflecting on
    Research Practice

This book is about the experience of doing research, from both a personal
and emancipatory perspective. A lot about what it is really like to do
research and all the questions that arise.

  • Strauss, A. and Corbin, J. (1990) Basics of Qualitative Research. Sage
    Publications, Newbury Park, California; London, UK.

A basic text, which I've found more accessible than Glaser and Straus's
original books. I found their ideas somewhat dictatorial, but have ended up
using their ideas as a basis for analysing qualitative data without
following their dictates directly. I think useful for an introduction to


September 2002